Costa Rica is small country in Central America. It is bordered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. The Caribbean Sea is to the east and the Pacific Ocean is to the west. Costa Rica is slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia. It is one of the most environmentally friendly countries in the world, with a quarter of the country dedicated to preservation parks. It is also one of the few countries in the world without an army. Costa Rica exports many things including coffee, bananas, beef, sugar and cocoa.
Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot in Costa Rica. It was in 1502 during his last trip to the Americas. The first attempts to settle Costa Rica were difficult. Obstacles such as pirates, weather, disease from mosquitoes, and unfriendly natives prevented permanent settlements for some years. In 1563, the city of Cartago became the first permanent settlement in Costa Rica. Costa Rica remained a Spanish colony for almost 300 years. In 1821, Costa Rica, together with many other Central American colonies, declared independence from Spain. In 1838 it became an independent country.
Learn more about this beautiful country in today’s Travel With Us!
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