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Turkey is at the northeast end of the Mediterranean Sea in southeast Europe and southwest Asia. To the north is the Black Sea and to the west is the Aegean Sea. Its neighbors are Greece and Bulgaria to the west, Russia, Ukraine, and Romania to the north and northwest (through the Black Sea), Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east, and Syria and Iraq to the south. Turkey is transcontinental, meaning it spans two continents. Turkey in Europe comprises an area about equal to the state of Massachusetts. Turkey in Asia is about the size of Texas. Its center is a treeless plateau rimmed by mountains.

The government is a Republican Parliamentary Democracy. Ankara is the capital. The largest city is Istanbul. Istanbul, initially Constantinople, was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

Industries include textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber and paper. Turkey's natural resources are antimony, coal, chromium, mercury, copper, bo-rate, sulfur, iron ore, arable land, hydropower.

Exports are apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures and trans-port equipment.

Learn more about Turkey in today’s Travel With Us!

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